Market Crash 2018, how much more it will go?

Why this correction? Re-categorization by MF’s brings divergence between Mid Caps & Large Caps, closing in of the divergence with triggers from Currency depreciation, Crude Oil price increase along with IL&FS, DHFL debt crisis brings steep correction to the markets. How long it will last? We are close to a bottom & support. Should I take out my investments? No, hold on. Should I stop SIP’s? Please continue, they are unique in capturing volatility and average your investments. Next best sectors – Pharma, Manufacturing & PSB’s. Look at equity for long term like real estate, else it will burn capital.

SENSEX at 33000, our portfolio takes rest

Government announced 2.11 lakh crores of support to the PSB’s, market goes berserk. PSB stocks like SBI, PNB goes up more than 30%, PNB made 46% gains. Private banks took a hit, NBFC’s which were leaders lost big value. Broad indices move up a percent and our portfolio goes down a percent. After having had continuous out performance, which saw big alpha generation against the benchmarks and our portfolio. Now the reverse has began to happen.

NBFC stocks had big run up, which stretched their valuations, now probably the market is selling them to accumulate PSB’s. In my opinion, just infusing capital cannot take a business out of mess, unless the management is responsible. One more thought that I heard from the markets, banks get capital from Government and soon there is election and they will have to waive off farmer’s loans, which will eat up 61K crores.

Ultimately, Government is playing, using the banks as a tool. With the kind of moves that the banks had today, it brings concern on the future rally in the markets. Mutual Funds having exposure to banking stocks will show enormous gains tomorrow, while the same will not stay for long as what goes up has to come down too. And here, there is no real value, so the fall will also be drastic.

Liquidity from retail participation has been driving the markets where the earnings have been subtle, now the current move to breach 33000 on the SENSEX will bring in more investments. People who were waiting on sidelines will take a plunge, just to ensure that, they don’t lose even more opportunity. And this money is coming into the markets after seeing the gains of the past 12 months, expecting that the same will repeat. Even a slight unsteady move from here, the same retail money will become a pressure to the fund managers as they have to sell to meet redemption requests.

Then, they will go out and complain that Mutual funds are not good investments, it is a gamble.

We have been waiting for a correction since 7 months now, the markets have defied expectations and gone far away. Now, if it has to fall in place, the impact will be high too. Looking forward to some challenging times in the coming months.

NBFC leadership & our position in it…..

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Banking sector went into a turmoil following NPA’s and bad asset management. Public Sector Banks went out of investor favor. The Private Banks which always commanded rich premium among investors too began to lose attraction because of more and more regulations tightening their hands on growth. While all this was happening and keeping the financial sector at the razors edge, NBFC’s went to become leaders in the financial sector with phenomenal growth in their valuations.

The reasons behind NBFC’a gaining strength were –

  1. They are healthy on NPA’s.
  2. March quarter profit growth was 32%, while private banks had 23%.
  3. Home loan portfolio increased by 12%, all of it grabbed from the private banks.
  4. Focused approach made them best placed to grab opportunities arising from the base of the pyramid.
  5. Bountiful monsoon that is expected this year is likely to boost rural income, where NBFC’s are well placed.
  6. Most of them are positioned in the lower income segment, where the budget provision of more deduction on interest payment for the first time home buyers for loans upto 35 lakhs, came to their advantage.

Investors moved away from richly valued private banks to NBFC’s which shows in their stock growth in the last 1 year. NBFC’s had registered between 20 – 60% growth in the last 12 months. Toppers among them are Chola Finance, GIC Housing, Repco Home, Shriram Transport, Canfin Homes, Bajaj Finance etc.,

In our portfolio, 22% percent of the total equity exposure is in the financial sector and we do not have any banks in our portfolio. We hold all the top names along with stocks like SKS Micro, Edelweiss, which have shown good growth in their top line and bottom line. Our entry into these stocks was fairly early, giving us the edge to capitalize on their growth. Most of our investments have given above 15% growth since we have invested.

As an automatic process, our research identified the stocks in this sector for our investments.

Rajan’s continuation and the markets

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Central bank direction on interest rates both national & international always used to be big expectations and directions of the markets would take course after the announcements. For the first time in the history of our financial markets, expectation was not on interest rates.  It was the governor himself who became the news, the expectation of Raguram Rajan’s continuation as the Governor for the second term became hot.

Press had a joy ride, at least which was what Rajan told in the press meet when asked about the rumors. It is strongly believed that he will continue as governor for the second term, still there are some weak hands which are speculating and are wanting to en-cash on the rumors.

After all why would he not continue, financial markets world over has regarded him as the very best central bank governors in the world today. Very few can match his experience, expertise and knowledge. As a country too none of us would want to lose a person of his caliber. The day he took over as governor in 2013, financial markets turned for good and has been continuing. A lot of bold decisions like the cleansing of the PSB’s would not have happened, if not for him.

It is because of this cleaning that NBFC’s became attractive and companies like BAJAJ Finance, SKS Micro, Chola Fin, etc have had very good price rally. Automobile, Pharma and many more sectors benefited. We do have some of the above businesses in our portfolio which have been making good gains.

He will continue for sure and India is going to see one of its very big growths happening in the next 3 years. And probably, after that, move ahead to become a developed economy. All of it will happen not only because of Rajan, it is the whole circuit of people who have lined up along with Narendra Modi, economic conditions, business just in the cusp of a great growth.

Be invested in the India story; make a killing as the time is ripe.

May 2016 performance

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Performance of our portfolio is trailing the benchmarks in the 1 month to 6 month period. The broader benchmarks like the SENSEX have done better because of the Large Cap stocks that have had good increase in price, following their results announcement. Most of them have shown increase in profits, while sales numbers are yet to catch up.

Public Sector Banks (PSB’s), that have become untouchables in the last one year, have after the sharp clean up done on their balance sheets, getting rid of NPA’s, now showing good upward price moves. This turnaround in the PSB’s is not because of positive growth in them, it is just that, they have cleaned themselves and going forward, the expectation is that the performance will be good. Bank stocks have moved up on anticipation of better results in the coming quarters.

Turnaround is just happening and it should take another quarter or two to show up on the top line of companies’ performance. We have been adding stocks to our portfolio, following the March 2016 results. Our portfolio was moved out of stock exposure when the markets turned weak, and presently with new additions in the Paper, Sugar and NBFC sectors, our exposure have moved up to just above 50% and soon it should be reaching full loading.

Stocks like Balrampur Chini, Bajaj Holdings, Chola Finance, Bajaj Finance, DCM Shriram that were added in the last fortnight have been doing very good and going forward, these businesses are expected to give stronger growth to our portfolio.

We invest only in those business that show both Sales and Profit growth, hence, our portfolio does not carry Large Cap stocks in the current market, while we will be adding stocks that show strength, unbiased on the category or sectors.

Budget is behind us, who is selling…..

 

Businessman against black bear balancing on cliff with sky treesFor those who had expectations that the Budget will bring some respite from the fall in the markets, now, it is a disappointment. Markets are bearish now and the Finance Minister took it to his advantage, realized that any good will not bear a positive impact, markets will only discount it and go down after adjusting the positives. So, better leave it as it is and look at what needs to be done, was the decision of the FM.

There were fears that Long Term Capital Gains will get extended to 3 years which did not happen and the tax on dividends which was another fear, has come through, while in a smaller manner. Only those who have above 10 lakhs as dividend income have to pay a 10% tax.

There was big expectations that the government will bring in a big time support to PSU Banks, which though happened, was at a lower level, market expectation was an above 55K Crore recap, while it came in at 25K crores. In the actual sense, there is no requirement for the government to give this support, because there is no guarantee that these banks will not repeat the same act again. It is best to leave them to tend the issue, which in fact will become a lesson for them and the pain will make them realize and help them become more responsible. Whereas, support will only mean that, “It was not my mistake, what I am doing is right. It is the government which made the mistake and they have taken care off of their mistake.” And he will continue with the same quality of work, may be generating another lakh plus crores in losses.

Actually, it is the government that is making a mistake, even now. They are not realizing that the people whom they have employed to manage this money are the culprits, unless there is a realization and action taken, no amount of recap will help clean the banking system.

So bear market is to continue for some more time. The confusion that budget had created in the markets will take time to resolve and expecting the markets to turn around soon will be defeated.

Last week there was a meeting of all the top fund managers of our country in Mumbai seaside. There, on a discussion between Equity fund managers and the Debt fund managers this was the talk.

Equity Fund manager: People will make money if they invest in our Equity Fund.

Debt Fund Manager: people maybe investing in your Equity Fund, but almost all the equity fund managers are investing their personal money in debt funds.

Equity: Arre boss! What are you saying? All of us are fully invested in Equities. We’re quite bullish.

Debt: Bullish or foolish, only time will tell.

Prashant Jain is bullish, S Naren is not selling, Nilesh Shah is not selling, Neelkanth Mishra is not advising his clients to sell, Ridham Desai is bullish and S Nagnath has a same view.

Toh maal bech kon raha hai? Who is selling?

Good question, but no answer!

 

For our Equity clients at BTT, we are fully sold off, and have parked funds into debt. So, it clearly shows, smart people follow the market differently.

27 PSB’s lost 1.14 Lakh Crores in 4 years.

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27 Public Sector Banks have written off 1.14 lakh crores of bad debts in the last 4 years. Here is the efficiency of the banking sector in the hands of the government management. It is disturbing to realize the poor condition our banks are being managed. On the other hand the private sector counterparts are doing good business. What does this mean? Very poor competency among the PSB management, next to zero responsibility in delivering results.

Couple of days back there was a question to me; SBI has come down to 200 from 320, can we buy? The reason behind this thought was that, the SBI stock had been at a higher price very recently, now it has fallen and hence it is cheap. The answer I gave was, the price was at 320 was for a reason and it is the same when it is at 200, now. It is not cheap. In a couple of days from this discussion, SBI stock price came to 160, and again there was the question, now that it is at 160 can we buy now?

What this indicates is, that people of India have developed so much confidence on this bank; it has been part and parcel of their life for generations. Little do they know that, what was in the early days is history, there was no competition, though the management did not have the competency or responsibility, they had the advantage of opportunity at their hands, they got some of the best and some that were useless too, on the whole they made money.

Now the situation is different, private banks are giving this irresponsible bank management a run for their money. All the quality assets have gone to the private players because of the quality and service they provide. Now, the left over business is crap and that is where these PSB’s are rolling their funds. Very soon all the confidence that the citizens of India have on SBI or the PSB’s on the whole will vanish into thin air.

In our portfolio, we don’t have banking exposure since 2013. It was very early for us to move away from banking investments, the reason we got out was because our system did not qualify banks for investment, and their growth was fairly lower in comparison to companies that were showing super strong growth. Hence, our investments moved to those quality assets and now, when the whole market is weak, our portfolio is even more safe as we have moved off from equity exposure to a fair extent, thus keeping the capital protected in times of turbulence.

Our portfolio is 30% in Equity and 70% in short term debt, making the capital safe when the markets are weak.