Performance report for July 2016

Markets have been doing well and there are media reports that there can be some correction. Which is true? Fundamentally on a broader perspective there is not much change seen in the earnings of companies. Then, why did the market take off post budget? Foreign Portfolio Investors who moved out of our markets post China crisis have returned back. FPI’s have poured more than $1 Billion into our markets.

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When such high amount of money comes in, it will move the whole markets and that is what has happened. Businesses that were fundamentally strong, though there were very few, began to

Following BREXIT, markets have taken off well due to FPI inflows. More than a billion dollars have been invested in our markets in the last one month, which has helped in markets giving a good growth.

Metals & Infrastructure sectors were leaders in returns as they are moving up from the bottom, while on the fundamental side, the companies in these sectors are yet to show strength.

BREXIT and saturation in the BFSI segment which was contributing to growth in the Technology sector has turned the sector into the weakest in the prevailing markets.

SENSEX gained above 4% in the month of July, in line with our performance which stood at 4.20% for the month of July.

Our Exposure:

Being exposed to the right sectors that have the potential to get the best growth in the prevailing markets gives us an edge in performance. Our systems have ensured that we are invested in the right sectors. Presently, we are overweight on Financials, Cement, infrastructure, Sugar& Paper. NBFC businesses have got into an advantage position against the traditional banks. NPA’s position of NBFC’s has been fairly low when compared to the PSU peers. They are also placed well in the rural markets where the next thrust on the business growth is expected to happen. Likely boost in the consumption pattern after the 7th pay commission is getting factored into the market.

Financial sector has above 12% exposure in our portfolio. Bajaj Finance & Bharath Financial has been consistent performers following their robust result announcements.

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We have had increased exposure into the Basic Materials sector comprising Metals and Chemicals, the sector that was down in the last year. After a good base formation there are some green shoots visible in this sector. Exposure was reduced in the Technology sector following weak performance numbers from the businesses in this sector.

Merger of Oil Marketing Companies into a single company was good news which helped the leader of this sector HPCL have good gains.

Result season though not very good on the broad perspective, it has pretty well on specific stocks. Stocks like Bajaj Finance, Bharat Financial, etc., have given phenomenal gains following result announcement. Good monsoon and subsequent rural demand have been helping in companies that have good rural presence gain momentum in the markets.

GST becoming a reality soon is also helping service sector businesses to gain as they are the biggest beneficiaries of this move. Following no new stimulants that have uncertainty in them, which can drive the markets from here, we are having small corrections and this correction is required often the markets to move out of weaker holdings and add new stocks into a portfolio.

NBFC leadership & our position in it…..

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Banking sector went into a turmoil following NPA’s and bad asset management. Public Sector Banks went out of investor favor. The Private Banks which always commanded rich premium among investors too began to lose attraction because of more and more regulations tightening their hands on growth. While all this was happening and keeping the financial sector at the razors edge, NBFC’s went to become leaders in the financial sector with phenomenal growth in their valuations.

The reasons behind NBFC’a gaining strength were –

  1. They are healthy on NPA’s.
  2. March quarter profit growth was 32%, while private banks had 23%.
  3. Home loan portfolio increased by 12%, all of it grabbed from the private banks.
  4. Focused approach made them best placed to grab opportunities arising from the base of the pyramid.
  5. Bountiful monsoon that is expected this year is likely to boost rural income, where NBFC’s are well placed.
  6. Most of them are positioned in the lower income segment, where the budget provision of more deduction on interest payment for the first time home buyers for loans upto 35 lakhs, came to their advantage.

Investors moved away from richly valued private banks to NBFC’s which shows in their stock growth in the last 1 year. NBFC’s had registered between 20 – 60% growth in the last 12 months. Toppers among them are Chola Finance, GIC Housing, Repco Home, Shriram Transport, Canfin Homes, Bajaj Finance etc.,

In our portfolio, 22% percent of the total equity exposure is in the financial sector and we do not have any banks in our portfolio. We hold all the top names along with stocks like SKS Micro, Edelweiss, which have shown good growth in their top line and bottom line. Our entry into these stocks was fairly early, giving us the edge to capitalize on their growth. Most of our investments have given above 15% growth since we have invested.

As an automatic process, our research identified the stocks in this sector for our investments.

Rajan’s continuation and the markets

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Central bank direction on interest rates both national & international always used to be big expectations and directions of the markets would take course after the announcements. For the first time in the history of our financial markets, expectation was not on interest rates.  It was the governor himself who became the news, the expectation of Raguram Rajan’s continuation as the Governor for the second term became hot.

Press had a joy ride, at least which was what Rajan told in the press meet when asked about the rumors. It is strongly believed that he will continue as governor for the second term, still there are some weak hands which are speculating and are wanting to en-cash on the rumors.

After all why would he not continue, financial markets world over has regarded him as the very best central bank governors in the world today. Very few can match his experience, expertise and knowledge. As a country too none of us would want to lose a person of his caliber. The day he took over as governor in 2013, financial markets turned for good and has been continuing. A lot of bold decisions like the cleansing of the PSB’s would not have happened, if not for him.

It is because of this cleaning that NBFC’s became attractive and companies like BAJAJ Finance, SKS Micro, Chola Fin, etc have had very good price rally. Automobile, Pharma and many more sectors benefited. We do have some of the above businesses in our portfolio which have been making good gains.

He will continue for sure and India is going to see one of its very big growths happening in the next 3 years. And probably, after that, move ahead to become a developed economy. All of it will happen not only because of Rajan, it is the whole circuit of people who have lined up along with Narendra Modi, economic conditions, business just in the cusp of a great growth.

Be invested in the India story; make a killing as the time is ripe.

Anticipation & caution as markets go volatile.

lower-interest-ratesAfter the August sell off post China Crisis, September began with a consolidation while our PM met with the Industry leaders, bankers and economist to get ideas on managing the prevailing global turbulence. He had requested the industry captains to increase their risk and step up investments. The industry leaders used this opportunity to ask for policy actions that will improve the ease of doing business and the need for the interest to be reduced at the earliest.

This action brought strength into the markets which got supported by the European and Asian markets showing recovery along with some strength in the Indian Currency. Following which Government approved several reforms including the allowing of telecom companies to sell radio waves, added as a booster to hold support for the strength in the markets. The European markets charged further following the rise in exports and imports in Germany.

However there was still a lot of caution in the markets as investors were anxious on the outcome of the US Federal Reserve policy, which turned to be subtle as the cut was postponed. There is expectation that the strong fundamentals of India will provide enough protection from the global developments.

Then came, the sudden news of Volkswagen cheating the US markets with a fake emission report which shook the automobile stocks worldwide, Volkswagen lost 48% of its stock value in 2 days, which also impacted many of the prominent Indian companies having big presence in the European markets like Motherson Sumi, Bharat Forge, Bosch etc.,

The reports that the inflation went down to 3.66% and the Wholesale Price Index being negative at -4.95%, was a good stimulus to the markets and then followed the surprise from the RBI with a 0.50% interest rate cut, after which markets went into rally mode.

The ambitious goal to have the inflation at 6% by January 2016 looks like an achievable target. The RBI has now started working towards having the inflation at 5% in 2016-17. All these developments will take our economy to levels which we haven’t seen so far in our life.

Even after all these developments FII’s were net sellers while the Mutual Funds kept continuing with their buying spree in the markets. There are fairly high chances that the FII’s will return back and with a higher allocation for India.

In the meantime, Saudi Arabia withdrew about $70 billion from global asset managers to bring down the widening deficit & reduce exposure to volatile economies as their economy is going into a recession. On the other side of the globe Prime Minister Naredra Modi’s bilateral meet with the US president Mr. Barrack Obama concluded on a high note. Among the countries present like Pakistan & China, India became the centre of attraction. Business captains in the US committed to more investments in India which is a very nice development for our economy.

What was done on the portfolio?

There were 5 exits, 2 reduction of exposure, 6 additions and 2 increases in exposure. Our portfolio is going through a dramatic shift. In the first week of September we moved out of MM Forgings and Bharat Forge well before the Volkswagen news hit the markets, thus saving bigger losses. SKS Micro was exited after the company missed the Small Banking license. Schneider and Sun Pharma Advanced Research moved out of our portfolio. We brought down exposure in Cadila and Welcorp by 100 basis points following their ratings coming down on our ranking tables.

MaduraBrandsOn the additions side, we had 0.50 basis points increase in exposure to Aegis Chemicals and Cosmo Films and have added 100 basis points new exposure to Britannia Industries, Himatsingka Seide, JMC Projects, FDC, Aditya Birla Nuvo and Deep Industries.

Auto sector exposure is getting reduced considerably and is getting replaced with companies having good exports revenue and consumer centric businesses. Weakness in the Rupee is an advantage for companies having export revenues.

This festive season, as you shop for your Van Heusen, Louis Philippe, Allen Solly, Peter England and Planet Fashion for your clothing needs, you will be making a small profit to yourself due to your ownership in Aditya Birla.

Britannia has made a packaging change and has gone into a new promotion, its business is growing, and so, the next time you pick a ‘GOOD DAY’ biscuit pack in the store, you will be contributing a small profit to yourself.

We also have exposure in Hindustan Petroleum, every time you fill gas at the HPCL bunk, you make a small profit.

Feels good that our portfolio owns companies that produce most of the daily use products, just our consumption will not have an impact on the profit of the company, while we can take pride that we are using the products of companies that we own, is it not a good feeling?