When will the market go up?

ConsolidatePost China crisis, our stock markets have moved into correction mode. There were continuous challenges in the form of disturbances like the Volkswagen scandal, Bihar election results, attack on Paris along with the regular nuances like the FED rate hike and the selling by the Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPI) in our markets, which has almost become like a monthly issue.

In October, there was the fear of the FED hiking interest rates which got postponed to December, now the fear has come back again on the thoughts that, whether there will be a re-thinking by Yellen. And every time there is this news about the interest rate hike, it gets followed by the withdrawal of the FPI’s from our market. We have been so much at the mercy of foreign investors to support our market; a small change in their thought itself creates a downturn in our markets. As an emerging market, we have got used to this foreign investment to support our markets.

While in reality, the present situation in our markets has taken a different direction. Dependency on foreign money to move our markets are slowly coming to an end. From the data that is available it is clearly visible that the foreign support is no more required for our markets. In the April to October period, domestic institutions and retail investors have bought stocks worth 51000 Crores, on an average the domestic funds are buying stocks worth 6638 Crores or just about $1 billion, every month since May 2014 as against the FPI contribution of $787 million in the same period.

These figures show that any kind of selling by FPI’s is getting absorbed by the domestic purchase. The investment dynamics of the Indian public have had a dramatic change; SIP’s used to be about 1000 crores per month before 2014, which has now got increased to 2500 Crores per month. The beauty here is that, all this money is going into the midcaps and not the large caps. When we talk about so much inflows and the market is still weak, doubts arise as to why it is so?

The FPI’s are mostly invested in the large cap stocks, which they are liquidating, apart from the fact that the reduced interest rates will become attractive for these investors to be invested in their economies; they are realizing the mistake of wrong investments. Large cap stocks have become poor performers in the present market. The SENSEX dropped 1.48% on 18th November 2015, while the mid cap index dropped only 0.68%, the reason was FPI selling in large caps. Stocks like Larsen & Toubro, ONGC, TATA Steel etc., have been losing heavily, while their mid cap counter parts like Eicher, Page etc., are gaining big time. In the last week alone Dr. Reddy’s lost more than 25%, along with it all the frontline Pharma companies losing a large portion of their value, while stocks like Aurobindo Pharma, Cadilla, Glenmark etc., did not lose much.

Pressure of the USFDA investigations have brought down the stock prices of most of the big names in the Parma Sector. Again, this USFDA is one another issue that has been haunting our markets often. There is too much of dependency by our frontline Pharma companies for their sales from the US markets and the US is commanding, this situation will change soon. Our companies will realize that there is a similar market available in the rest of the world and with the medical facilities getting improved in India, one of the biggest economies by population, India sales itself will have a bigger contribution in the years to come.

In the first 20 days in November, FI’s have sold in our markets to the extent of 7200 Crores while the domestic institutions have bought for 17360 crores. It is close to 150% more than the sales that have happened. Most of the selling was in the frontline stocks and the buying was in the mid cap space. To some extent the selling pressure is getting absorbed by the local institutions and that is the reason we have the markets going up and down in short periods. It is like a sort of confusion and will result in a prolonged consolidation.

FPI’s are forced to re-align their portfolio if they have to make money from our markets, hence the selling pressure. Whereas the domestic funds are already loaded into mid-caps which have had a very good run and are also adding to their portfolio taking advantage of the correction in the market. Our markets witnessed an above 40% straight rally after the new government got elected, from such a steep rise, it has to get re-adjusted before it takes off again and this readjustment will take a little more time. The way the charts are formed, the bullish sentiment is pretty strong. If the next round of bullish move has to be even stronger, like the experience we had in the 2003-2008 bull market, the markets have to consolidate and re-shuffle leadership.

happy-investorsLast year Automobile stocks had a great run supported by good earnings from the companies, while this year, they have a kind of taken back seat. Most of them have completed their dream runs. Now the leadership position is slowly getting shifted to Pharma and NBFC stocks. September quarter results were muted, the average sales growth has been around 1.50% while the earnings growth is at 7%, which shows that companies are cutting down costs to increase profits and this cannot continue for long. Soon, we will have sales numbers showing up.

This change in leadership is going to take some time to get aligned, maybe till the 3rd quarter results are out, in which there can be some positive surprises. Till that time, the markets will not turn bearish; it will consolidate at the present levels and then break out. The longer the consolidation, so much stronger will be the next rally, while in the consolidation period; it will kill the patience of anxious investors. For those who stay with patience, the next rally will be a bigger reward. The same happened in 2014, before the 45% rally we had between March 2014 and April 2015, the markets consolidated for a full long year staying within a 15% range in 2013.

With Money BagsPresently the consolidation is again at 15%, the more it gets stretched, and the chances of another 45% rally are higher. In such a scenario the SENSEX should be at 43500 and the NIFTY at 13150. At present these numbers look a little too over optimistic, while it was the same when there were talks of SENSEX to reach 30000, in early 2014, hard to believe, while it did happen. The SENSEX breached 30000 in March 2015.

As I complete this writing, I myself am getting euphoric, how throwing a little light on the hindsight has given a very beautiful picture to look at in the future. For those who have missed the 2014 opportunity, there is one more chance waiting to happen, take advantage and grow your savings faster.

Post Diwali…..Market Rally

dhamaka_stocksOctober was perceived by the media to be a ghost month, while it turned out to be wrong with the SENSEX gaining about 1.50% after a peak of 4.30% gain. It proved that, not every year is a bad year in October, particularly for India in the next 5 years, it is a Golden period. Every correction is an opportunity to get into the Equity markets. And take advantage of the current World leader in Economic growth.

Our portfolio managed to close with a 2.30% gain for the month of October 2015, having an Alpha of above 50% against the benchmark. We had good performance from the House Hold goods, Travel and Leisure, Support Services along with Computer Hardware, FMCG & Financial Sector stocks. The losers were from the Pharma & Textile space, which had marginal impact on the performance.

Deep Industries, Cosmo Films, FDC & ITD Cementation gave us more than 20% profits in October. Cosmo Films was added into our portfolio in June 2015, in 5 months this stock has given us 150% profits.

Bravisa Templetree, portfolio has managed to outperform the benchmark even with the lower exposure due to a good amount of exits following the market correction. We are 20% in cash at present and still have managed to do well due to the strength of the businesses we own. The dynamic nature of our system to move out of weaker stocks and add up to stronger ones as they show strength was the reason for the outperformance.

Biscuit packaging went into a total design makeover along with new varieties of films used in their packaging. Cosmo Films is the leader in this segment and has had a major benefit. Along with film manufacturers, packaging companies like Paper Products, SRF too had good gains.

After the Chinese market crash and followed by the Volkswagen scandal, where markets went into a tailspin, markets are getting ready for the next big run which is likely to happen after the next wave of correction just about the Diwali and post Diwali, Indian stock markets are poised for the next strong rally.

The reality sector which is one of the weak sectors at the moment is dragging other support sectors along with it like metals, home construction along with banking. Banking stocks have taken a bigger hit and there are no signs of slowdown in their weakness. So, the next rally is likely to be in the industrial sector.

2nd quarter results so far has been bleak for the large cap stocks. Most of the public sector banks have shown more weakness on their earnings. Automobile stocks which were the leaders in the 2014 rally have begun to show tiredness in their earnings. In our portfolio, exposure to Auto stocks have got considerably reduced baring few stocks like Eicher Motors, which continues to have good growth numbers. Sales numbers of Royal Enfield has shown 73% increase in the second quarter, while the stock is showing correction which may result in its exit from the portfolio.

Coffee Day listing did what it has to, down more than 20% as per expectation. Indigo IPO which went through with over subscription too is likely to open weak and the issue was pricey.

Bihar elections and FED interest rate hike will put some pressure on the market for some days after which the markets are likely to go into rally mood. Our portfolio is all set with the right stocks to participate in the rally.

A very Happy Diwali to all our patrons, clients and well wishers.

6 out of 11 top earners in our portfolio

11 earningBoosters

The second quarter results are likely to be subdued and will impact the markets in the coming weeks as results get announced. The list published in ET on 9th October 2015 shows some companies that have the potential to outperform the current quarter on the growth front. Among the 11 companies that are listed above, our portfolio have 6 of them.

As we can see in the list of expected top performers, the highest concentration is from the Pharma sector followed by the NBFC sector. In our portfolio too, we have increased exposure towards Pharma and NBFC segments a couple of months back & this happened as a dynamic process.

In 2014 our portfolio had more exposure into Auto Ancillary companies, as months passed the stock price movement of these stocks began to slow down, showing signs of tiredness. About 2 weeks before the Volkswagen issue came to light, almost all of our Auto segment exposure began to take exit. When Volkswagen issue got reported and the market collapsed, where most of the ancillary companies having presence in Germany took a big hit, out portfolio sustained lower damage. Just about that time the₹15000 Crores,  Amtek Auto default got reported, which shook the debt Mutual Fund market where JP Morgan fund had big exposure and they had to split the fund and bring controls on redemption. There are many PSU Banks which are likely to take a hit from this default.

Following our exits, the overall exposure in stocks got reduced to 75% of the capital, thus protecting the portfolio from the negative bias the markets had prior to RBI policy announcement reducing interest rates.

RBI decision came as a surprise, which Raguram Rajan has made us accustomed to since September 2013. Markets began to rally; mostly short covering, took the market to higher ups, while the strength seems to be waning now as the expectations from result season is tepid. Following results announcement, if there is going to be any weakness; our portfolio has got fairly protected due to our lower exposure and having investments into companies that are likely to give out good results. While the market began to gain strength, a couple of new stocks like BEML, Deep Industries, India Bulls housing have got added to our portfolio.

As the result season unfolds, there would be more clarity about which companies have greater strength in performance and those companies will automatically get added to our portfolio, from where, we will be prepared for our next big journey in the market rally. Being invested into the best businesses gives great confidence about the performance. In the last 3 years since we have been tracking the portfolio performance, we have achieved 68.50% gains, whereas in the same period the SENSEX has grown 38%. We have managed to achieve twice the return provided by the benchmark.

 

Anticipation & caution as markets go volatile.

lower-interest-ratesAfter the August sell off post China Crisis, September began with a consolidation while our PM met with the Industry leaders, bankers and economist to get ideas on managing the prevailing global turbulence. He had requested the industry captains to increase their risk and step up investments. The industry leaders used this opportunity to ask for policy actions that will improve the ease of doing business and the need for the interest to be reduced at the earliest.

This action brought strength into the markets which got supported by the European and Asian markets showing recovery along with some strength in the Indian Currency. Following which Government approved several reforms including the allowing of telecom companies to sell radio waves, added as a booster to hold support for the strength in the markets. The European markets charged further following the rise in exports and imports in Germany.

However there was still a lot of caution in the markets as investors were anxious on the outcome of the US Federal Reserve policy, which turned to be subtle as the cut was postponed. There is expectation that the strong fundamentals of India will provide enough protection from the global developments.

Then came, the sudden news of Volkswagen cheating the US markets with a fake emission report which shook the automobile stocks worldwide, Volkswagen lost 48% of its stock value in 2 days, which also impacted many of the prominent Indian companies having big presence in the European markets like Motherson Sumi, Bharat Forge, Bosch etc.,

The reports that the inflation went down to 3.66% and the Wholesale Price Index being negative at -4.95%, was a good stimulus to the markets and then followed the surprise from the RBI with a 0.50% interest rate cut, after which markets went into rally mode.

The ambitious goal to have the inflation at 6% by January 2016 looks like an achievable target. The RBI has now started working towards having the inflation at 5% in 2016-17. All these developments will take our economy to levels which we haven’t seen so far in our life.

Even after all these developments FII’s were net sellers while the Mutual Funds kept continuing with their buying spree in the markets. There are fairly high chances that the FII’s will return back and with a higher allocation for India.

In the meantime, Saudi Arabia withdrew about $70 billion from global asset managers to bring down the widening deficit & reduce exposure to volatile economies as their economy is going into a recession. On the other side of the globe Prime Minister Naredra Modi’s bilateral meet with the US president Mr. Barrack Obama concluded on a high note. Among the countries present like Pakistan & China, India became the centre of attraction. Business captains in the US committed to more investments in India which is a very nice development for our economy.

What was done on the portfolio?

There were 5 exits, 2 reduction of exposure, 6 additions and 2 increases in exposure. Our portfolio is going through a dramatic shift. In the first week of September we moved out of MM Forgings and Bharat Forge well before the Volkswagen news hit the markets, thus saving bigger losses. SKS Micro was exited after the company missed the Small Banking license. Schneider and Sun Pharma Advanced Research moved out of our portfolio. We brought down exposure in Cadila and Welcorp by 100 basis points following their ratings coming down on our ranking tables.

MaduraBrandsOn the additions side, we had 0.50 basis points increase in exposure to Aegis Chemicals and Cosmo Films and have added 100 basis points new exposure to Britannia Industries, Himatsingka Seide, JMC Projects, FDC, Aditya Birla Nuvo and Deep Industries.

Auto sector exposure is getting reduced considerably and is getting replaced with companies having good exports revenue and consumer centric businesses. Weakness in the Rupee is an advantage for companies having export revenues.

This festive season, as you shop for your Van Heusen, Louis Philippe, Allen Solly, Peter England and Planet Fashion for your clothing needs, you will be making a small profit to yourself due to your ownership in Aditya Birla.

Britannia has made a packaging change and has gone into a new promotion, its business is growing, and so, the next time you pick a ‘GOOD DAY’ biscuit pack in the store, you will be contributing a small profit to yourself.

We also have exposure in Hindustan Petroleum, every time you fill gas at the HPCL bunk, you make a small profit.

Feels good that our portfolio owns companies that produce most of the daily use products, just our consumption will not have an impact on the profit of the company, while we can take pride that we are using the products of companies that we own, is it not a good feeling?

Will `October Effect’ Play Out Again on D-St?

Mark Twain QuoteWhen there is fear in the mind, everything you look around gives a bigger challenge. The comment Mark Twain had given here shows that very clearly. After weakness in the market since August, post China Crisis and Volkswagen Scandal, now media is searching all possible fear thoughts to intensify the situation.

If there is fear of losing, not only October, every month will be a disaster, one who has such thoughts will end up not having great wealth while his friends and family live a happy life taking  a little extra risk on their investments.

There was an article in Economic Times on 1st October 2015 with the following headline “Will `October Effect’ Play out Again on D-St?”

October FallsInvestors generally tend to become nervous in October because the biggest market falls in 1929, 1987 and 2008 happened during this month

And there is a supporting table showing downward moves in the month of October on the SENSEX.

If October has a historical downward effect, why has it not occurred in all the years? Apart from 1997 to 2000, where there was higher falls in October which was continuous, there is a lot of gap and it does not have any pattern.

1997-2000 was a prolonged bear market for India, and it is because of such a long base formation that we have had the tremendous rally post 2003, which has taken the SENSEX to a 600% gain in the next 15 years.

2008-09 falls was a correction after the phenomenal rise and after 2010; 2011-13 were almost flat years which has helped the next rally that is happening now.

In the years that had weaker October’s, there was reason for this thought to hold good. Markets had on a overall manner gone into tightness following adverse news flows. Prior to every such weakness, the markets have had maniac runs. In 1929, rapid growth in Bank Credit and Loans made people take huge loans and invest into stocks, where actual valuations were far below, collapse was huge. In one year markets lost 90%.

In 1987, on a single day, market dropped 22.60%, this was again because of maniac buyouts and mergers using liquidity created by sale of Junk Bonds by the corporates. People were buying into companies that had literally no assets, all of the price rise was happening due to the rush to buy something that is available and at whatever price it was available at.

More similar to what is happening now in the Startup space. Fortunately, we don’t have any of the almost zero value loss making e commerce businesses listed in our exchanges, while it will soon come up. For now, the start up space is raining funds. Those people who earned fancy salaries in tech companies have loads of cash and are chasing every idea that is coming in the markets, as it is, in just about 2 years, there is some tiredness seen in this space. Whereas, this rush will not end here, it will take away more greedy minds by getting listed in the markets. And that will happen in the next 3-4 years, till then India is safe. The moment you witness junk companies coming out with IPO’s and they getting subscribed multi-times, close your wallet for investing and open your bank account to receive the sale proceeds of your stocks.

Without second thought liquidate all holdings. Wait!, it is still way to go to reach that situation, until then capitalize on the rally, it will for sure be a maniac rally, the difference is that we are just in the beginning, which gives a lot of scope for multiplying your savings.

The 2008 crash, again happened due to excess lending for home sales, financial assets tumbled, some big names like Lehman Brothers, Bear Sterns, AIG, Black Stone vanished into thin air

Will it happen again this time and this october?

No! in FDIAt the macroeconomic level, it is not. At present we are just in the beginning of a bubble, the Startup bubble, it has a long way to go. And with this bubble burst India’s growth story will come to an end. So, the intensity of the crash will be pretty severe, more than what China is facing now. Whereas, before this crash happens, there is a wonderful opportunity available to make profits that can serve us for a couple of generations.

What is happening in our economy now, why are we having weakness?

There was a lot of expectation on the new government to deliver, which has not happened to the extent thought off. While, the ground work is seriously on. Some indications for strength that India has, have been seen in the recent developments.

Capital from the US and other developed economies are showing high interest to invest in India.

This week when Modi visited US along with Li Xinping and Nawaz Shariff, India has got the highest attention. Businessmen across the US have shown great interest to invest in India.

Facts show that India is attracting highest FDI among emerging markets. All of China’s losses have got added to India. When so much money is coming to India, it is obvious that there is going to be some phenomenal activity in our economy.

RBI has surprised with a twice the expected interest rate cut, which will begin to show up in the economy as the banks lower lending rates & industry begins to borrow and grow business. Due to the drop in interest rates, home buying will show an uptick, car sales will go up and many similar growth patterns can be seen.

Post China Currency issue and Volkswagen Scandal; it will take some time to show strength, it may take another 2 months, while the next biggest global growth story is going to be in India.